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What is glaucoma?

What is glaucoma?

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that robs the vision gradually. Usually has no symptoms and can result in loss of vision suddenly.

In most types of glaucoma, the drainage system of the eye lid and the intraocular fluid can not drain. By accumulating, it causes increased pressure inside the eye that damages the optic nerve which is very sensitive, leading to loss of vision.

What are the symptoms?

In the most common form of glaucoma, the accumulation of fluid pressure occurs slowly. Often, there are no annoying or painful symptoms. In the less common varieties of glaucoma symptoms can be more severe, and includes the following :

  • Blurry vision
  • Eye pain and headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • The appearance of halos colored rainbow around bright lights
  • sudden loss of vision
  • Another signal is a transparent aqueous fluid produced continuously within the eye becoming a white membrane.

Who is affected ?

Glaucoma can affect people of all ages, from babies to the elderly. Although we are all at risk, people with higher risk for glaucoma are those over 60 years, relatives of people with glaucoma, people of African descent, diabetics, those who use steroids for prolonged periods and people with intraocular pressure high ( ocular hypertension ).

Loss of vision caused by glaucoma is irreversible, but if detected early and treatment is followed carefully and consistently , can preserve vision. Usually, glaucoma can be controlled with medication or surgery. If you are diagnosed with this disease, it is important to follow a treatment plan without faults.

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